Climate finance and community-based management to protect and restore Madagascar’s forests

Makira Natural Park, Madagascar
Andrew Kirkby © WCS Madagascar
Makira, Madagascar
Climate finance and community-based management to protect and restore Madagascar’s most intact forests

Investment is needed to secure and restore fragile forest corridors, and to promote agroforestry to reconcile production with conservation

We are restoring and better-protecting protected forest and community-managed lands, supported by sustainable land-use and climate finance.
An innovative carbon financing scheme that involves local community management groups is saving forest in an area previously rife with rapid deforestation.


Home to an exceptional amount of unique wildlife, including 17 lemur species, Makira’s water-giving forests are under increasing threat and are being lost to agriculture. 

Makira Natural Park makes up Madagascar’s largest remaining intact humid forest. The country is renowned for its astounding biodiversity; 80% of its wildlife is found nowhere else and 20% finds a home in Makira. Its lush forests contribute high rainfall and support a watershed covering a vast area of 2.5 million hectares. Despite its importance, Makira is under threat from slash-and-burn deforestation. Rising population pressure is increasing demand for agricultural land, primarily for rice cultivation (known as ‘tavy’). In the Analanjirofo region where the majority of Makira is located, 460,000 hectares of tree cover was lost between 2001 and 2017, an area larger than park itself.

Makira © Andy Kirkby / WCS Madagascar


Involving local community management groups in a successful carbon credit scheme is complementing work alongside government ambition to restore forest and transition to sustainable agroforestry.

WCS has been present in the landscape since 1992. WCS supported the creation of Makira Natural Park (2012) and Masoala National Park (1997), work closely with the Government, providing technical support for park management, and work with local communities, securing rights and supporting sustainable land use.

An innovative carbon financing scheme covering 350,000 hectares inside Makira Natural Park was designed to reduce deforestation pressures from rice production in community-managed lands around the border. This scheme was registered to sell carbon credits in 2013 – the first in Madagascar accredited to the Verified Carbon Standard (VCS). Participating community management groups (Communautés locales de Base, known as COBAs) receive 50% of revenue from credit sales, with the remainder supporting park management (20%), government activities to tackle climate change (20%) and monitoring, marketing and verification (10%). The project will prevent emissions of around 32.5 million tonnes of CO2 over 30 years and has already saved 74,000 hectares of forest.

Today, deforestation is 25% lower in community management areas and 84% lower within the park compared to historical rates. We are expanding the work to restore forest corridors in the park, support a transition to sustainable agroforestry and restore 15,000 hectares of degraded areas within the buffer zone. 

Red-ruffed Lemur
Makira bird nest
Tree nursery © WCS Madagascar
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Scale of opportunity
700,000 hectares
Trees target
Trees Restored: 13,087,200. Trees Better Protected: 272,650,000
Flagship biodiversity
Incredible endemic biodiversity, including 17 species of lemur
First accredited carbon crediting scheme in Madagascar