Help us to restore one of the most important montane rainforests in the rift valley highlands
Nyungwe in southwest Rwanda is the country’s largest and most biodiverse national protected area. The park has lost large areas of forest to fire, often resulting from the practice of smoking out bees to harvest wild honey from inside the park. Burned areas were rapidly colonised by bracken ferns Pteridium aquilinum, which suppress the regeneration of natural forest trees – creating a barrier to restoration – and increase the forest’s vulnerability to fire. As well as providing immense benefits for wildlife, restoration of Nyungwe is particularly important when considering the park’s highland situation: a fragile watershed that provides water critical to Rwanda’s agricultural sector in the valleys below, and half of the country’s power through hydroelectricity.
The Rwandan government was one of the first to sign up to the Bonn Challenge, and has pledged to restore 2 million hectares of degraded lands. Over the past 10 years, WCS has been testing methods to enhance forest regeneration through fern cutting in order to restore the degraded forest. This results in the natural regeneration of forest trees, as the seedbed remains viable. Pilot restoration efforts have shown that with three years of tending, the regenerating forest will naturally suppress the ferns and create a stable forest micro-climate, which also benefits much of Rwanda’s tea growing area.
This restoration effort is complemented with a community programme that is improving smallholder farming practices in the park buffer zone through a successful village savings and loans scheme, and supporting local beekeepers to produce and sell honey through the Ubwiza bwa modern honey cooperative without the need for smoking wild bees.